Skyline

June 5, 2018 - High Tech Industry

Posted By Beverly Kerr | Jun 05, 2018
Central Texas Economy in Perspective Print Article Skyline
  • Nearly 6,500 employers in the Austin metro area are in high tech industries.
  • Jobs in Austin’s tech industries total over 138,500, or 14.1% of all jobs, compared to 7.0% nationally.
  • In 2017, jobs in Austin’s high tech industries grew by 4.3%, surpassing the metro’s 3.2% total job growth.

Annual average employment in high tech industries in the Austin MSA in 2017 was 138,544, up 4.3% from 2016. That’s a stronger gain than the 3.2% increase for employment across all industries. High tech jobs represent 14.1% of all Austin area jobs in 2017 and 18.5% of the year’s net new jobs. Nationally, high tech accounts for 7.0% of all jobs.

Over the last five years, employment in high tech industries has grown by 23.7%, compared to 21.1% for all industries in Austin. However, over the last ten years, the gain for high tech (30.0%) falls short of the gain for all industries (31.1%). The recession’s impact on Austin jobs was a loss of nearly 21,000 jobs and nearly half of those jobs were in high tech.  Thus, while high tech jobs have grown faster than all jobs in seven of the last eight years, as of 2017, tech’s current 14.1% share of all jobs is slightly below levels maintained before the recession.

New industry data through the final quarter of 2017 was rreleased last month by the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC). The Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) produces much finer industry detail than the monthly Current Employment Statistics program and allows users to examine trends in distinct and narrow sectors like computer systems design or scientific R&D at the metro or even the county level. Since Austin is one of the most technology intensive metro economies in the U.S., we regularly examine new releases of QCEW to quantify the character and trends of Austin’s tech sector.[1]

There are 6,474 high tech employer firms in Austin (13.4% of total). Although there was a small decline in total firms in Austin in 2008, the recession did not cause the number of high tech firms to fall. The number of tech firms grew by 309 or 5.0% in 2017. Total firms in Austin number 48,297 in 2017, up 2,081 or 4.5% over 2016. High tech firms are a larger percentage of total firms now than before the recession (the share was 11.7% in 2007). Over the last five years, the number of firms has grown 35.7% in high tech industries compared to 26.0% overall. Among Austin's high tech firms, 5.0% (327) are manufacturers and 95.0% (6,147) are in nonmanufacturing industries.

High tech payrolls in 2017 totaled $15.6 billion, or 26.6% of the Austin metro’s total payroll of $58.8 billion. Total payroll growth in 2017 was 7.7%, while the gain for high tech industries was 10.7%. High tech payrolls also have a slight edge over the last five years, gaining 39.4% compared to all payrolls gain of 39.2%. Over the last decade total payrolls are up 67.7% compared to 63.1% for tech payrolls.

For all industries, the average annual salary in Austin is $59,742, up 4.3% from 2016, while the average salary for high tech jobs is $112,771, up 6.2%. Since 2012, the all-industries average annual salary is up 14.9% and the average tech salary is up 12.7%. High tech salary growth in Austin primarily faltered relative to all industries in 2007 and 2013. In 2006, the average high tech salary was 201% of the average salary.  The average high tech salary registered a low of 184% of the all-industries salary in 2014 and 2015, but is at 189% in 2017.

Austin’s high tech employment is 22.5% manufacturing industries (31,221 jobs) and 77.5% nonmanufacturing industries (107,323 jobs). Manufacturing’s share has declined significantly over the long term. After climbing nearly back to prerecession-level jobs in 2014 (34,099), growth was negative in 2015 and 2016 (-0.7% and -8.8% respectively) in high tech manufacturing; however, these jobs gained 1.1% in 2017. High tech’s share of all manufacturing jobs in Austin is 54.8% in 2017, down from 55.8% in 2016.

Computer and electronic product makers (180 firms) dominate Austin’s high tech manufacturing jobs (25,802 or 82.6%). Of those jobs, 13,331 are in semiconductor and electronic components and 8,768 jobs are in computers and peripheral equipment. Pharmaceuticals and medicines manufacturing employs 2,026 and medical equipment and supplies manufacturing employs 1,134.

Austin has a location quotient (LQ) of 1.9 for the collection of industries making up high tech manufacturing, meaning that Austin employs workers in the sector at nearly two times the national rate.[2] Austin’s computer and electronics manufacturing industry employs workers at nearly four times (3.7) the national rate.

Salaries are higher in high tech manufacturing, $130,893, compared to the average of $107,500 in nonmanufacturing high tech industries. In Austin’s tech sector, manufacturing salaries have gained 10.9% over the last five years, while the nonmanufacturing average has risen 14.9%. Over the same period, the average salary for all industries also rose 14.9%. Over the last year, salaries in high tech manufacturing rose 5.1%, high tech nonmanufacturing gained 6.8%, while the average salary for all industries increased 4.3%.

Nonmanufacturing high tech industries include subsectors of trade, information, professional and business services, and education and healthcare.

The high tech portions of the information industry include software publishers (185 Austin firms); motion picture and sound recording (229); telecommunications (117); data processing, hosting and related services (158); and internet publishing, broadcast and web portals (164). Other IT-related industries include computer systems design and related services (2,888 firms) in the professional and business services sector and computer training (29) in the education sector. Combined, high tech information and other IT accounts for 61,347 jobs and 3,769 firms in Austin in 2017. Jobs in this group of industries are up 8.5% (4,807) in just one year, dominating the net jobs added (5,321) by nonmanufacturing tech industries in 2017. Computer systems design and related services[3] employs 35,534 and grew by 9.2%, or 3,007 jobs, in 2017.

Austin has a LQ of 2.1 for the group of industries we’re calling high tech information and other IT, meaning that Austin employs workers in the sector at two times the national rate.

The average annual salary in high tech information and other IT was $110,211 in 2017, with software publishing and computer systems design and related services being the best compensated industries ($129,738 and $121,329 respectively). Salary gains (4.3%) were average (all industries also grew 4.3%) in 2017. The industry group gained 20.3% over the last 5 years, compared to 14.9% for all industries.

After computer systems design and related services, the next largest nonmanufacturing tech industry is computer and software merchant wholesalers (143 firms) which employed 19,014 in Austin in 2017, up 254 jobs or 1.4% from 2016. This trade industry, together medical equipment merchant wholesalers, business-to-business electronic markets, and electronic shopping and auctions represents 583 firms and 23,832 jobs in Austin’s high tech trade industries. Employment in high tech trade is 5.9% (1,494 jobs) below a peak the industry reached in 2013. Average annual salary is 108,323in 2017, up 13.6% over 2016.

Austin has 9.7% more high tech trade jobs in 2017 than it had in 2007 while jobs in the sector nationally are up by 24.3%. The driver of job growth nationally is electronic shopping and auctions. This industry has grown 220.4% over the decade while computer and software merchant wholesaler jobs have declined by 13.2% nationally. As of 2017, electronic shopping and auctions accounts for more jobs nationally than computer and software merchant wholesalers. In Austin, electronic shopping and auctions represents only 2,709 jobs, but growth over the decade was 379%.

Austin is highly concentrated in high tech trade. Austin has almost 5 times the national concentration of jobs in this group and has 13 times the national concentration for jobs in computer and software merchant wholesaling.

Architectural and engineering services (1,185 firms), environmental consulting services (95), other scientific and technical services (241), scientific R&D services (204), and medical and diagnostic laboratories (72) round out the remainder of the high tech sector and employed 22,144 in 2017, down 0.3% from 2016 but up 7.0% since 2012. Architectural and engineering services employs 14,843 of the total while scientific R&D employs 2,882. Austin’s LQ for engineering, R&D, and labs/testing is 1.2.

An Excel file of TWC data for Austin MSA establishments, firms, employment, payrolls, and average salary data for 2005-2017 for all of the high tech industry classifications referenced above, plus data for all other industry classifications is here. The file opens on an extract of the data for high tech industries as employed in this article. The other tab in the file contains data for all industries from major sectors to 6-digit NAICS. The data in the file is “total,” i.e., private and public.

Top

 

FOOTNOTES:

[1] QCEW estimates are derived primarily from the reporting of private business and government agencies under the unemployment insurance program. While all states produce similar data from the program, how much of the data different states publish in terms of industry detail, periods published, and geographic regions reported varies. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) also produces a database of QCEW data for all U.S. counties, metros and states, however, the level of industry detail available is often more limited than desirable for estimating the tech sector. The BLS publication schedule also lags TWC’s updates and all references to national data for 2017 here are based on the first three quarters of the year.

[2] Industry LQs are calculated by comparing the industry’s share of regional employment with its share of national employment. High tech manufacturing represents 3.2% of jobs in the Austin MSA, compared to 1.7% nationally. 3.2 divided by 1.7 yields a LQ of 1.9

[3] Computer systems design and related services (NAICS 5415) includes custom computer programming services (21,178 jobs), computer systems design services (13,403 jobs), computer facilities management services (262 jobs), and other computer related services (691 jobs).

Top

Beverly Kerr

Vice President of Research, Beverly Kerr, joined the Chamber’s Economic Development Department in 2004, following 10 years in a similar role with the Kansas City Area Development Council. Beverly earned an M.A. in economics at the University of Missouri-Kansas City.