Job growth & unemployment

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Posted on 05/23/2022 by Beverly Kerr

  • Austin made up all of 2020’s pandemic-related job losses by last May and the metro currently has 92,000 more jobs than it had in February 2020.
  • Austin ranks as the best performing major job market since the beginning of the pandemic and the fourth best over the last 12 months.
  • Austin’s leisure and hospitality industry added 2,800 jobs in April, surpassing pre-pandemic February 2020 for the first time—by 600 jobs or 0.4%.
  • Austin's seasonally adjusted unemployment rate is 2.8% in April, up from 2.7% in March.

Nonfarm payroll jobs

Austin’s nonfarm payroll jobs total as of April is 1,234,500 according to Friday's releases of monthly labor market data by the Texas Workforce Commission and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. In February 2020, before the impacts from COVID-19, Austin had an estimated 1,142,500 jobs. Combining job losses for March and April 2020, Austin lost 137,100 jobs, or 12.0%. In May 2021, Austin surpassed the jobs total it had in the last pre-pandemic month.

As of April 2022, Austin and 18 other major metros have regained their pre-pandemic level of jobs. Comparing metros based on where they stand relative to pre-pandemic February 2020, Austin, up 8.1%, is the best performing major metro. Dallas (6.8%) and Fort Worth (3.0%) are also in the top 10. San Antonio (1.5%) ranks 16th, while Houston (0.2%) ranks 18th. Philadelphia ranks 50th with April 2022 jobs 3.8% below February 2020.

Texas regained its pandemic-related job losses in October 2021 in the not-seasonally-adjusted series. Total nonfarm jobs are 359,400 jobs or 2.8% above February 2020. The U.S. tops it’s pre-pandemic number of jobs for the first time in April—by 15,000 jobs or 0.01%.

Austin’s year-over-year increase of 8.1%, or 92,100 jobs, makes it the fourth best performing among the 50 largest metro areas. Dallas (8.0%) is also in the top 10. Fort Worth (5.8%), Houston (5.6%), and San Antonio (4.9%) rank 14th, 18th, and 25th, respectively.

For the year ending in April, private sector job growth in the Austin MSA is 9.7%, or 92,500 jobs, with gains across all major private industry sectors, but one. Austin's sizable government sector (15.9% of jobs) is down by 400 jobs or 0.2%, thus bringing the overall year-over-year job growth rate to 8.1%.

Texas saw net private sector job growth of 6.8% with all private industry sectors adding jobs over the last 12 months. Total job growth was 6.0% as the government sector, which accounts for 15.5% of total state employment, grew by only 1.5%. For the nation, private sector job growth was 5.2% for the 12 months ending in April with all private industries adding jobs. Overall job growth was lower, at 4.6%, as the government sector jobs grew by a moderate 1.2%.

Jobs in April are up by 10,700 jobs or 0.9% from March in the not-seasonally-adjusted series for Austin. In the seasonally adjusted series, jobs are up by 7,000 or 0.6%. Seasonally adjusted jobs are up by 0.8% in Dallas, 0.5% in Houston, 0.4% in San Antonio, and 0.1% in Fort Worth. Statewide, seasonally adjusted jobs are up 62,800 or 0.5%. Nationally, seasonally adjusted jobs are up from March by 428,000 or 0.3%.

In Austin, 10 of the 11 major private industry sectors added jobs over the last 12 months, most notably leisure and hospitality (17.4% or 20,000 jobs), professional and business services (13.9% or 31,700), information (11.5% or 5,000 jobs), and wholesale trade (11.0% or 5,100).

Ten private industries in Austin have surpassed pre-pandemic employment and one has yet to regain 2020’s losses. Leisure and hospitality shed 62,200 jobs in March and April of 2020 (45% of all jobs lost). With positive growth in 19 of the last 24 months, the industry finally regained those lost jobs in April. Employment now stands at 134,100, 0.4% above February 2020. Other services is now the lone private industry that has not regained February 2020’s level of employment. Other services stands at 2,300 jobs (4.8%) below its pre-pandemic level.

Additional graphs: New/lost jobs by industry, Mar.-Apr. 2022 and the trend since 2000 for six large industries and six small industries

Statewide, over the last 12 months, all private industries added jobs. The two industries with the most significant growth are leisure and hospitality (12.0%) and information (10.3%). Eight industries currently have more jobs now than they did in February 2020, most notably transportation, warehousing and utilities, which is up by 10.6%. Three private industries, construction and natural resources, manufacturing, and other services, have yet to regain 2020 losses.

Nationally, all private industries added jobs over the 12 months ending in April, led by leisure and hospitality (14.1%) and transportation, warehousing and utilities (7.1%). Relative to February 2020, six industries (construction and natural resources; retail trade; transportation, warehousing and utilities; information; financial activities; and professional and business services) have recovered pandemic-related job losses.

Over the last 12 months, the net gain for private service-providing industries in Austin is 87,200 jobs, or 10.7%. Employment in goods-producing industries is up by 5,300 jobs or 3.9%. Statewide, private service-providing industries are up 615,600 or 7.0%, and goods-producing industries are up 103,200 or 5.8%.

Labor force, employment & unemployment

We also now have April labor force, employment, and unemployment numbers for Texas and local areas in Texas. The same data for all U.S. metros will not be released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics until June 1. In March, Austin had the 12th lowest rate of unemployment among the 50 largest metros. Unemployment numbers for April show Austin’s performance relative to the state and other major Texas metros being sustained.

In April, Austin’s not-seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate is 2.5%, while the other major Texas metros range from 3.1% in Dallas to 4.1% in Houston. Fort Worth and San Antonio are at 3.2% and 3.3%, respectively. Austin’s rate one year ago was 4.3%. The rates in the other major Texas metros are reduced from a year ago by 2.1 to 2.6 percentage points. The statewide rate is now 3.7%, down from 5.9% in April of last year. The national unemployment rate is 3.3%, down from 5.7% a year ago.

In 2019, the unemployment rate averaged 2.7% in Austin, 3.5% in Texas, and 3.7% nationally.

Within the Austin MSA, Travis and Williamson Counties have the lowest unemployment rates at 2.5% in April, while Caldwell County has the highest at 3.1%. The rate is 2.6% in Hays County and 2.9% in Bastrop County.

On a seasonally adjusted basis, Austin’s April unemployment rate is 2.8%, up from 2.7% in March. The statewide rate is 4.3%, improved from 4.4%, and the national rate is 3.6%, unchanged from March.

Among Texas’ other major metros, Dallas and Fort Worth have the next lowest seasonally adjusted April unemployment rates, 3.3% and 3.4% respectively, while San Antonio is at 3.7%, and Houston’s rate is 4.6%. Seasonally adjusted unemployment rates for Texas metros are produced by the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. (The Texas Workforce Commission also produces seasonally adjusted rates for Texas metros, but publication lags the Dallas Fed’s data.)

In February 2020, before pandemic impacts, the number unemployed in Austin was 32,302. The number climbed to 130,460 in April and also exceeded 100,000 in May and June. In April 2022, unemployed stands at 33,867. That is 4.8% above the level of February 2020. That the number of unemployed in Austin presently exceeds pre-pandemic levels is more a reflection of labor force growth than lack of recovery from the pandemic.

The Austin metro’s civilian labor force (employed plus unemployed) fell by 97,419 persons or 7.7% in March and April of 2020, while persons employed decreased by 195,577 or 16.0%. Labor force now stands at 7.5% above what it was in February 2020 and employed is also estimated at 7.5% above. Over the last month, labor force dropped by 0.3% and employed by 0.1%.

Additional graphs – Labor force & employment: Texas and United States

Texas’ labor force is 393,317 or 2.8% above pre-pandemic February 2020, while employment is higher by 343,972 or 2.5%. Thus, the number of unemployed is up by 49,345 or 10.3%.

Nationally, civilian labor force and employment surpassed February 2020 for the first time in March. However, as applied in Austin and Texas, labor force and employed declined between March and April. Thus, the national labor force is currently down by 786,000 or 0.5% and employed is down by 26,000 or 0.02% compared to February 2020. However, 760,000 fewer people (12.2%) are unemployed.

The Texas Workforce Commission and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics will release May estimates on June 17.

The Chamber’s Economic Indicators page provides up-to-date historical spreadsheet versions of Austin, Texas and U.S. data for both the Current Employment Statistics (CES) and Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) data addressed above. The Central Texas Economy in Perspective page provides an archive of past articles on the labor market and many other topics.

Related Categories: Central Texas Economy in Perspective